Fate can be broadly classified into two
categories: durbala vidhi meaning weak karma phalam and prabala
vidhi meaning strong karma phalam. When the issue 'can fate be
changed by prayer' is raised, we must first clarify what type of
fate is meant - durbala or prabala. Durbala vidhi can be weakened or
even totally eradicated by prayer while prabala vidhi cannot be
changed by prayer. However prayer will give us the strength to face
adversity. Thus prayer works in twofold manner. As our vidhi is
mitigated, we must become purer and purer.
Since our karma or actions are not uniform,
the results of our actions will also not be uniform. As an example,
consider the chanting of Rudram. We can chant Rudram once, eleven
times, one hundred and twenty one times or more. The manner or
quality of the chanting itself varies. Thus an action varies, both
quantitatively and qualitatively. Consequently fate or karma phalam
also varies, quantitatively and qualitatively. This applies to all
our actions - religious or secular.
As stated above, prayer mitigates or
destroys durbala vidhi and gives us the strength and immunity to
bear prabalavidhi. We can choose any prayer for chanting. Chanting
Shatarudriyam (Rudram) is especially potent and efficacious.
Kaivalya Upanishad discusses the benefits of chanting this prayer -
' he who studies the Shatarudriyam is freed from sins arising from
all commissions and omissions. Therefore, he gains his refuge in the
One who is Truth Consciousness - Siva, the Supreme Self'. Thus
chanting Rudram is a powerful prayaschith.
is important that we chant Rudram properly. Improper chanting will
not only not give us any benefit but may engender paapam. However
not knowing the proper method of chanting need not discourage us
since the scriptures have prescribed a 'short - cut'. One mantra
that occurs in the middle of Rudram says 'nama sivaaya'. The
scriptures say chanting 'nama sivaaya' is equivalent to chanting the
Chanting Rudram will
give us aapelshika shanti (relative shanti) or peace of mind and
ultimately will give us aatyantika shanti ( absolute shanti) or
moksha. Kaivalya Upanishad says 'we should repeat this (Rudram)
always or atleast once (a day)'. Chanting Rudram on Sivarathri is
especially powerful and beneficial. So on this auspicious Sivarathri
day, let us chant Rudram all night or as much as we can.